Byron Harrison | Healthy Living | ,

Inflammation of the paranasal sinuses is a disease in which the lining that lines the sinus is swollen, red and irritated. If this condition is not treated, it may cause blockage of the sinuses and close the openings that allow communication with the nose. This leads to the capture of air and mucus in the sinuses, the possibility of development of microorganisms and subsequent inflammation of tissue.Inflammation of the sinuses may occur in acute, subacute, chronic and recurrent sinusitis, and often due to bacterial, viral or fungal infection, but may be the result of the allergy, nasal polyps, a deviated nasal septum, infection of tooth and others.

Major Symptoms Of Sinusitis
  • Pain and/or pressure in any part of the face (forehead, the area between the eyes, nose, and cheeks)
  • Nasal obstruction
  • Nasal discharge or postnasal discharge (green or yellow discharge that comes out of the front of the nose or strains the back of the nose into the throat)
  • Hiposmia (reduced sense of smell)
  • Anosmia (lost sense of smell)
  • Fever.

Minor Symptoms Of Sinusitis

  • Unpleasant odor of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Pain in the ears and teeth
  • Cough
  • Headache

The above symptoms occur in acute and chronic sinusitis. Only in chronic sinusitis symptoms are a present long period of time and fatigue is more pronounced, while for acute sinusitis is more common fever and fever.

Diagnosis

Apart from the clinical picture, diagnosis requires a complete physical examination. If needed, perform additional trials Allergologic tests, blood tests, microbiological tests, nasal endoscopy, x-ray examinations, computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. How can we help ourselves at home?

Alleviate the symptoms using the following tips:
  • Inhale steam.
  • Run hot water from the shower, sit in the bath and breathe the steam for 15-20 minutes.
  • Another alternative: Pour hot water into a bowl, lean over the bowl, cover the head with a towel in order to “Cornered” hot air and breathe deeply for 20 minutes. This is aimed to reduce swelling and obstruction of the sinuses.
  • Pour the hot water, put a cloth on your face. It will help reduce pain and pressure.
  • Use a nasal saline solution. Put the solution in a few drops several times a day in order to cleanse the nasal passages and reduce nasal congestion.
  • Drink more fluids. The fluid helps in diluting the thick mucus, and it will contribute to the resolution of the obstruction.
  • Avoid consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol potentiates the swelling which could aggravate the situation.
  • Take a break. If you have a sinus infection, make sure you get a nice rest and give your body a chance to recover.
  • Avoid excessive use of drugs. Decongestants and pain medications can help, but their overuse can worsen symptoms.
  • Take a drink of apple cider vinegar. When you notice the first signs of sinusitis, prepare the drink of apple cider vinegar which helps diluting mucus and for easier elimination. Preparation: In 200ml water add 2 tablespoons of unfiltered apple cider vinegar and one tablespoon of honey. Stir well. Drink it 3 times a day, 5 days a week.
  • Use seed extract grapefruit. In sinusitis, get nasal spray containing the extract. The extract of grapefruit seed is a powerful natural antibiotic used to fight bacteria, parasites, viruses, and fungi and will help to deal with inflammation.

If symptoms do not subside or worsen, medical assistance is needed.